Color: Heartwood is mostly reddish brown; sapwood is generally pale white.
Grain: Mostly closed, straight grain; fine, uniform texture. Coarser than European beech.
Variations Within Species And Grades: Only one species is native to the United States. Moderate to high color variation between boards.
Hardness/Janka: Janka Hardness: 1300 (1% harder than Northern red oak.
Dimensional Stability: Below average (11.9%; 38% less stable than Northern red oak).