Color: Heartwood is uniformly pinkish to dark red, often a rich, dark red mahogany hue, turning a deep brownish red with age and exposure; sapwood is pale. Frequent black streaks with occasional ingrown grain.
Grain: Frequently interlocked or wavy. Texture is even and moderately coarse.
Variations Within Species And Grades: Moderate to high color variation.
Hardness/Janka: Janka:1910; (48% harder than Northern red oak).
Dimensional Stability: Below average (11.0; 28% less stable than Northern red oak).