Color: Heartwood is light brown; some boards may have a pinkish tint or a slight grayish cast. Sapwood is white to cream.
Grain: Open, with longer rays than red oak. Occasional crotches, swirls and burls. Plainsawn boards have a plumed or flared grain appearance; riftsawn has a tighter grain pattern, low figuring; quartersawn has a flake pattern, sometimes called tiger rays or butt
Variations Within Species And Grades: Considerable variation among boards in color and grain texture, but variations not as pronounced as in red oak.
Hardness/Janka: Janka: 1320 (2% harder than Northern red oak)
Dimensional Stability: Average (1-.5; 22% less stable than red oak)