Color: Heartwood is light to dark reddish brown, lustrous; sapwood is light brown to pale with a light pinkish tone. Some flooring manufacturers steam lumber to bleed the darker heartwood color into the sapwood, resulting in a more uniform color. Color darkens
Grain: Fine, frequently wavy, uniform texture. Distinctive flake pattern on true quartersawn surfaces. Texture is satiny, with some gum pockets.
Variations Within Species And Grades: Significant color variation between boards.
Hardness/Janka: Janka: 950; 26% softer than Northern red oak.
Dimensional Stability: Above average (7.1; 17% more stable than Northern red oak)
Darkens with exposure to light